Cash Crunch in Your Forties: Your Children’s Future or Your Own?

by Stacy Francis, CFP®, CDFA

This dreadful dilemma was the main topic of discussion at a recent Savvy Ladies event. And the economy being what it is, alas, it is one to which far too many of us can relate. We all want what’s best for our children, so what could possibly be more important than securing them a top-notch education? On the other hand, past big 4-0, retirement is no longer a hazy, distant concept but something very real, approaching at rocket speed. So when faced with job loss and financial hardship, how do we prioritize?

The answer is quite simple: stick to your retirement savings plan, and direct whatever’s left toward the college savings account. It may sound selfish, but the truth is, no one’s going to give you a scholarship or a favorable retirement loan. And not only do your children have time on their side, greatly enhancing their chances to pay back whatever balances they may accrue, but the less savings you have set aside for them, the more financial aid becomes available to them. Once your financial situation starts to improve, you can certainly lend them a hand.

Ask any child what he or she would prefer – a bit of student loans or an aging parent crashing on the couch for, say, fifteen years. I’d say chances are high he or she will opt for the student debt.

So stick to your retirement savings plan. Then help your children.

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Stacy Francis, CFP®, CDFA

Stacy Francis is the Founder, CEO and President of Francis Financial, Inc., a Wealth Management and Financial Planning firm. With over 18 years of experience in the financial industry, she is a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ (CFP®), a Certified Divorce Financial Analyst™ (CDFA™), and a Certified Estate Planning Specialist (CES™). She is the Co-Director of the Association of Divorce Financial Planners’ (ADFP) Greater New York Metro Chapter and a member of the Women Presidents’ Organization (WPO) and an honoree member of the Private Risk Management Association (PRMA). A nationally recognized financial expert, Stacy has appeared on ABC News, CNBC, CNN, PBS Nightly Business Report, The Today Show, Good Morning America, Fine Living Network, and The O’Reilly Factor. Stacy attended the New York University Center for Finance, Law and Taxation.

Saving for College in Tough Times

by Stacy Francis, CFP®, CDFA

“My daughter is off to college in 2010,” a woman told me during the Q&A session at a recent conference. “Now the savings account we opened for her has been cut in half, and my husband has lost his job. Will a local community college be her only option?”

While there are many good community colleges these days, she was delighted to learn that the answer is no. There are many things she and her daughter (and of course the father) can do to secure that college education. Below are just a few:

  1. Now that stock prices are low and yields on income-generating securities are lower, they can maximize portfolio returns by keeping at least a portion of the money in mutual funds invested in stocks. The good news is that their portfolio has 2-6 years to recover.
  2. If at all possible, they should continue to contribute toward the college savings account. They now need the money more than ever.
  3. The lower their household income, the wider the range of financial instruments that becomes available to them. I suggest they take advantage of financial aid and grant opportunities!
  4. If the daughter happens to be a brainiac, or an athlete, or a minority, chances are greater that she’ll be able to obtain a scholarship to pay for part of the expenses.
  5. There’s always the option of the daughter taking on an extra job during her studies. Many colleges offer work-study programs where wages can be applied directly toward tuition expenses – and students can gain valuable work experience. I worked for four years in my college cafeteria. It gave me extra cash and the revelation of why going to college was so important. I did not want to be in that cafeteria for the rest of my life.
  6. Finally, let’s not forget about student loans. Despite the fact that many parents strive for their children to remain debt-free, this is not always possible. Student loans are there to bridge the gap between the education that will secure a child’s future, and the parents’ means to pay for it.
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Stacy Francis, CFP®, CDFA

Stacy Francis is the Founder, CEO and President of Francis Financial, Inc., a Wealth Management and Financial Planning firm. With over 18 years of experience in the financial industry, she is a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ (CFP®), a Certified Divorce Financial Analyst™ (CDFA™), and a Certified Estate Planning Specialist (CES™). She is the Co-Director of the Association of Divorce Financial Planners’ (ADFP) Greater New York Metro Chapter and a member of the Women Presidents’ Organization (WPO) and an honoree member of the Private Risk Management Association (PRMA). A nationally recognized financial expert, Stacy has appeared on ABC News, CNBC, CNN, PBS Nightly Business Report, The Today Show, Good Morning America, Fine Living Network, and The O’Reilly Factor. Stacy attended the New York University Center for Finance, Law and Taxation.

How to Manage Student Loans

by Stacy Francis, CFP®, CDFA

A young woman at a recent Savvy Ladies seminar had just received her first student loan bill, and subsequently, her first panic attack. What was she supposed to do? There was no way she could spare that much money per month. Could she make smaller-than-minimum payments?

The answer is yes, she could. But for most people, it may not be the best idea. Here’s why.

Around graduation time, most students’ mailboxes are stuffed with offers from banks to refinance their debt and shrink their payments. So it is certainly possible. But the problem is, the longer you stay in debt, the more interest you are going to pay. And paying interest is basically throwing away money. While there are certainly worse kinds of debt than student debt, if you can stay on your regular payment schedule, it is generally wise to do so.

Another thing to note is that even if all your debt is with the same company, it is most likely split between a few different loans with different interest rates. If you do not stay on top of the company, they will apply your payments toward the lowest interest loans first – the exact opposite of what you want them to do. By making sure your money goes where you want it to go, you can save a ton of cash.

Of course, as I told the young woman in the seminar, there’s no reason you can’t pay off your loan earlier just because you have refinanced it. For her, refinancing now but striving to pay it off as soon as possible is probably the best option. What will work in your case will depend on your unique set of circumstances.

1 Comment

Stacy Francis, CFP®, CDFA

Stacy Francis is the Founder, CEO and President of Francis Financial, Inc., a Wealth Management and Financial Planning firm. With over 18 years of experience in the financial industry, she is a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ (CFP®), a Certified Divorce Financial Analyst™ (CDFA™), and a Certified Estate Planning Specialist (CES™). She is the Co-Director of the Association of Divorce Financial Planners’ (ADFP) Greater New York Metro Chapter and a member of the Women Presidents’ Organization (WPO) and an honoree member of the Private Risk Management Association (PRMA). A nationally recognized financial expert, Stacy has appeared on ABC News, CNBC, CNN, PBS Nightly Business Report, The Today Show, Good Morning America, Fine Living Network, and The O’Reilly Factor. Stacy attended the New York University Center for Finance, Law and Taxation.